Bochica was a man that appeared on the Altiplano Cundiboyacense riding a strange animal, that by description sounds like a camel. This man was definitely a stranger. He had white skin, white hair, and a long white beard. He carried a Macana (a wooden weapon with sharp flint sides) and he carried a cross. He wore a tunic and had long hair kept in the "style of a Nazarene" as the early Spanish priests identified it. (see footnote #2)
He was credited with bringing "civilization" to the Chibchas. He taught them to weave, paint and make ceramics. The blankets, clothing, and pots made by the Indians were considered their greatest treasures. In fact when Hernán Pérez de Quesada (the brutal brother of the Conquistador -- Gonzálo Jiménez de Quesada) requested that the natives bring him all of their treasure, he became enraged when they brought him blankets and ruanas -- but that is another story for another time.
Back to Bochica. In addition to teaching the Chibchas basic skills, Bochica also taught moral values and religious traditions, heretofore unknown or practiced by the natives. He taught that the Indians should worship one supreme God -- Chiminigagua. He taught that he was the representative of Chiminigagua. There was also a belief in a Trinity -- with three Gods being one in purpose -- that being the salvation of man. This was evidenced by statues found in Boyacá of Chiminigagua with one body and three heads. The Chibchas explained that it represented three persons that were united in heart and mind. (See footnote #1)
Bochica's main message was that people should love each other, that they should serve each other and fully repent of wrong doings. He also taught that every person had a body with an immortal soul and that every soul would some day be resurrected and then judged. The Chibchas had also learned about the importance of the 'cross' from Bochica, and as a result, graves were marked by a cross. (footnote #2)
#1 -- Muiscas: representaciones, cartografías y etnopolíticas de la memoria By Ana María Gómez Londoño